The Maryland State Colonization Society was the Maryland branch of the American Colonization Society, an organization founded in 1816 with the purpose of returning free African Americans to what many Southerners considered greater freedom in Africa. The ACS helped to found the colony of Liberia in 1821–22, as a place for freedmen. The Maryland State Colonization Society was responsible for founding the Republic of Maryland in West Africa, a short-lived independent state that in 1857 was annexed by Liberia. The goal of the society was “to be a remedy for slavery”, such that “slavery would cease in the state by the full consent of those interested”, but this end was never achieved, and it would take the outbreak of civil war to bring slavery to an end in Maryland.
Maryland County is a county in the southeastern portion of Liberia. One of 15 counties that comprise the first-level of administrative division in the nation, it has two districts.